In many cases of jaw and mouth problems, TMJ (Temporomandibular Joint) disorders are one of the rare occurrences. Sadly, it also a common problem to get recurrent TMJ dislocations. It is hard for patients to manage TMD surgery pain after every session. Until now, there are no specific causes for TMD disorders but there are ways to reduce the pain. In finding out the treatment, it is important to focus first on what it means for you. Uncovering the facts of TMJ will help you understand what your doctors are doing during the surgery.
What is TMD/TMJ?
Our bodies are closely knitted in a connection that most people tend to ignore. With the use of ligaments, tendons, muscles, and joints, our bodies function properly. The problem that TMD surgery focuses on is the joint that connects the lower jaw (mandible) to the skull. This joint is usually found on both sides of your head near your cheek. It allows the movement of the mouth for eating, speaking, opening and closing. Millions of people worldwide suffer from TMJ disorders no matter what age or sex. There are many possible causes making the diagnosis for the problem a challenge. People usually experience the problem during sleep, eating hard food, or laughing.
Types of Surgery
Today’s medical advancement allows diagnosis and treatment for TMD surgery. There are many types and advantages of each TMD surgery. However, these surgeries are for specific TMJ disorders so they aren’t always applicable to everyone.
Considered as the least invasive, Arthrocentesis is an outpatient procedure. It involves inserting small needles into the joint. The fluid lubricates the joint and reduces the inflammation caused by friction. In some cases, the disc in the jaw needs removable as well. It is a type of tissue that needs to be relocated or surgically cut.
Arthroscopy with the help of general anesthesia for numbing the pain is a type of TMD surgery. In this procedure, the surgeon does an incision in front of the ear. The narrow tube called arthroscope helps with the use of lights and cameras. With this area, the surgeon may insert a video instrument to examine the TMD problem. There is less scarring in this procedure and shorter recovery time
This kind of surgery is very invasive and extensive and is not advised by many doctors unless needed. This involves reshaping the ball or disc found inside the joint. Removing diseased bones require replacing them with prosthetics. A surgeon does a long incision near the jaw. To numb the pain, general anesthesia is definite. In short, the scarring is more visible and the recovery time is longer compared to others.
Managing Pain From TMJ Disorders
It is important to remember that TMD surgery recovery varies in patients with this problem. There might be some side effects such as numbness or swelling. It is important to always have regular checkups with your doctor. In addition, exercise or smoking is not advisable as it may cause swelling or bleeding problems. Some physical therapy helps fully recover a patient in this surgery. Moreover, follow the instructions as advised by your doctor.