Mouth Sores from Dentures: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment options

relieving denture sores

Are you experiencing discomfort or irritation caused by mouth sores from dentures? If so, you’re not alone. Many individuals wearing dentures encounter this common issue, which can be both bothersome and painful.

In this article, we will delve into the causes, symptoms, and potential remedies for pain caused by mouth sores from dentures, providing you with valuable insights to alleviate your discomfort and regain your oral well-being.

Mouth Sores from Dentures: Identifying the Symptoms

Mouth sores from dentures are a common challenge denture wearers face, often causing discomfort and irritation. Identifying the symptoms of these sores is crucial for effective management and treatment. This detailed exploration outlines the key indicators of mouth and gum sores related to denture use, providing a foundation for recognizing and addressing this issue.

Symptoms of Mouth Sores from Dentures:

Sore Gums and Soft Tissues:

  • Primary Indicator: The most noticeable symptom is soreness in the gums and the mouth’s soft tissues where the denture rests.
  • Appearance: These areas may appear red or swollen or have visible sores.

Pain and Discomfort:

  • Constant Pain: Persistent pain or discomfort while wearing dentures, especially when chewing or biting.
  • Numbness or Burning Sensation: Some individuals may experience a burning sensation or numbness in the affected areas.

Irritation and Inflammation:

  • Response to Friction: Irritation often results from the constant rubbing or friction caused by the dentures, leading to inflammation in the mouth.
  • Visual Signs: Red patches or small bumps around the area in contact with the dentures.

Difficulty in Wearing Dentures:

  • Fit Issues: Difficulty putting on or wearing dentures comfortably, indicating that the sores affect the denture’s fit.
  • Adjustment Period: This is particularly common in the first few weeks of getting new dentures or partial dentures.

Infection Indicators:

  • Bad Breath or Taste: A sign of possible infection in the sores, possibly due to bacteria harbored in the dentures.
  • Pus or Exudate: The presence of pus or other exudates from the sores indicates a more severe infection.


Causes of Mouth Sores Due to Dentures

Mouth sores due to dentures are common among denture wearers, often causing discomfort and pain. Understanding the causes of these sores is essential for preventing and effectively treating denture pain. This paragraph aims to elucidate the various factors contributing to the development of mouth sores in individuals who wear dentures, highlighting the importance of addressing these factors to maintain oral health and comfort.

Causes of Mouth Sores Due to Dentures:

Ill-Fitting Dentures:

  • Primary Cause: One of the most common reasons for mouth sores is dentures that do not fit properly, causing constant rubbing and pressure on the gums and soft tissues.
  • Adjustment Period: New dentures or partial dentures often require a period of adjustment, during which sores may develop until the fit is optimized.

Poor Oral Hygiene:

  • Bacteria Build-up: Food particles and germs can build up on dentures from improper washing, irritating the gums and causing ulcers.
  • Importance of Routine Cleaning: Regular use of denture cleaner and good oral hygiene are essential to prevent bacterial growth and mouth sores.

Allergic Reactions:

  • Materials Sensitivity: Some individuals may have allergic reactions to the materials used in dentures, leading to soreness and irritation in the mouth.
  • Symptoms: These allergic reactions often present as generalized redness, swelling, or itching in the areas in contact with the denture.

Mechanical Irritation:

  • Friction and Pressure: Constant friction and pressure from the denture on the gums and soft tissues can cause localized irritation and sores, especially in areas where the denture is not well-supported.
  • Rough Edges: Any rough or uneven edges on the denture can exacerbate this issue, leading to sore spots.

Underlying Dental Issues:

  • Existing Oral Conditions: Pre-existing conditions like gum disease or infections can be aggravated by wearing dentures, resulting in the development of sores.
  • Natural Teeth Health: The health of any remaining natural teeth also plays a role, as issues like tooth decay or infection can contribute to discomfort and sores.

Preventive Measures for Avoiding Mouth Sores from Dentures

prevent denture sores

Preventing mouth sores from dentures is vital for ensuring comfort and oral health for denture wearers. Adopting appropriate preventive measures can significantly reduce the risk of developing these painful sores. This paragraph outlines key strategies and practices that can be employed to avoid the onset of mouth infections and sores associated with denture use.

Preventive Measures for Avoiding Mouth Sores from Dentures:

Proper Denture Fit:

  • Regular Adjustments: Ensuring dentures fit properly is crucial. Regular visits to the dentist for adjustments can prevent the rubbing and pressure that lead to sores.
  • New Dentures: For new denture wearers, it’s important to have follow-up appointments to address any fit issues as the mouth adapts to the dentures.

Maintaining Good Oral Hygiene:

  • Daily Cleaning: Regular cleaning of dentures with a recommended denture cleaner helps remove food particles and bacteria that can cause sores.
  • Oral Care Routine: Maintaining good oral hygiene, including brushing any remaining natural teeth, gums, and the roof of the mouth, is essential.

Use of Denture Adhesives and Pads:

  • Stabilizing Dentures: Adhesives can help stabilize dentures, reducing movement and friction.
  • Cushioning: Denture pads can cushion, decreasing pressure on the gums.

Healthy Diet and Hydration:

  • Nutrition: A balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals supports oral health, reducing the risk of mouth sores.
  • Hydration: Staying hydrated helps maintain saliva flow, which is essential for a healthy mouth environment.

Treatment Options for Denture-Related Mouth Sores

partial denture

Denture-related mouth sores are common and can cause significant discomfort for denture wearers. Effective treatment is essential to alleviate pain and prevent further oral health complications. This paragraph outlines various treatment options available for managing and healing mouth sores caused by dentures, emphasizing the importance of timely and appropriate intervention.

Treatment Options for Denture-Related Mouth Sores:

Topical Medications and Pain Relief:

  • Numbing Gels: Over-the-counter gels can relieve temporary pain by numbing the sore area.
  • Anti-Inflammatory Medications: To lessen inflammation and hasten recovery, a doctor may administer topical steroids or other anti-inflammatory drugs.

Home Remedies:

  • Warm Salt Water Rinses: Several times a day, rinsing the mouth with warm salt water will help mend and relieve painful gums.
  • Aloe Vera Gel: Aloe vera gel to the affected area can provide natural relief and promote healing.

Improving Oral Hygiene:

  • Regular Cleaning: Keeping both the dentures and the mouth clean is crucial. Using a recommended denture cleaner and practicing good oral hygiene helps prevent infection and promotes healing.
  • Rinse After Meals: Rinsing the mouth and dentures after eating aids in the removal of microorganisms and food particles.

Taking Breaks from Wearing Dentures:

  • Resting the Gums: Allowing the gums to rest by removing the dentures for certain periods, especially at night, gives the affected areas time to heal.
  • Gradual Increase in Wear Time: Gradually increasing the duration of wearing dentures can help the mouth adjust more comfortably.

In summary, denture-related mouth sores can be distressing for many individuals. These uncomfortable and painful sores can make speaking, eating, and general oral hygiene challenging. Addressing and treating these sores promptly is essential to prevent further discomfort and potential complications. Maintaining proper dental hygiene, such as regular cleaning of dentures, other teeth, and oral tissues, can significantly reduce the risk of developing mouth sores from dentures. Additionally, seeking professional advice from a dentist or prosthodontist can help identify any underlying issues and provide appropriate treatment options.


Denture Stomatitis: Definition, Causes, Prevention & Treatment

Denture sore mouth

Factors affecting the healing of decubital lesions in patients wearing newly made dentures

Common oral sores and infections – The Journal of the American Dental Association

Mouth sores: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia